AskDefine | Define case

Dictionary Definition

case

Noun

1 a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy; "the family brought suit against the landlord" [syn: lawsuit, suit, cause, causa]
2 an occurrence of something; "it was a case of bad judgment"; "another instance occurred yesterday"; "but there is always the famous example of the Smiths" [syn: instance, example]
3 a special set of circumstances; "in that event, the first possibility is excluded"; "it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled" [syn: event]
4 a problem requiring investigation; "Perry Mason solved the case of the missing heir"
5 the actual state of things; "that was not the case"
6 a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument; "he stated his case clearly"
7 a portable container for carrying several objects; "the musicians left their instrument cases backstage"
8 a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation; "the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly"; "the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities" [syn: subject, guinea pig]
9 a person requiring professional services; "a typical case was the suburban housewife described by a marriage counselor"
10 the quantity contained in a case [syn: caseful]
11 a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home [syn: display case, showcase]
12 a specific state of mind that is temporary; "a case of the jitters"
13 nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence [syn: grammatical case]
14 the housing or outer covering of something; "the clock has a walnut case" [syn: shell, casing]
15 a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities); "a real character"; "a strange character"; "a friendly eccentric"; "the capable type"; "a mental case" [syn: character, eccentric, type]
16 an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part [syn: sheath]
17 the enclosing frame around a door or window opening; "the casings had rotted away and had to be replaced" [syn: casing]
18 bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow; "the burglar carried his loot in a pillowcase" [syn: pillowcase, slip, pillow slip]

Verb

1 look over, usually with the intention to rob; "They men cased the housed"
2 enclose in, or as if in, a case; "my feet were encased in mud" [syn: encase, incase]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology 1

From cas < Old English cas(us) (noun case) < Old French cas (an event) < Latin casus (a falling, a fall; accident, event, occurrence; occasion, opportunity; noun case), perfect passive participle of cadere (to fall, sink, drop) < Proto-Indo-European base *kad- (to fall).

Pronunciation

  • /keɪs/, /keIs/
  • Rhymes: -eɪs

Noun

  1. A legal proceeding, lawsuit.
  2. One of several similar instances or events which are being studied and compared.
  3. : An instance of grammatical case; a category of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, specialized (usually by inflection) to indicate a particular syntactic relation to other words in a sentence.
    The accusative case canonically indicates a direct object.
    Latin has six cases, and remnants of a seventh.
  4. A set of grammatical cases or their meanings in a particular language collectively.
    Jane has been studying case in Caucasian languages.
    Latin is a language that employs case.
Translations
legal proceeding
  • Arabic:
  • Czech: případ
  • Finnish: oikeusjuttu
  • French: cause
  • German: Fall, Prozess, Rechtssache
  • Greek: υπόθεση (ypóthesi)
  • Hebrew: תיק (tyq)
  • Italian: causa
  • Latin: causa
  • Portuguese: causa
  • Russian: судебное дело (sudébnoje délo)
  • Slovene: primer
  • Spanish: causa
  • Swedish: fall
one of several similar instances or events which are being studied and compared
  • Arabic: p
  • Czech: případ
  • Finnish: tapaus
  • French: cas
  • German: Fall
  • Greek: περίπτωση (períptosi)
  • Hebrew: מקרה (miqre)
  • Italian: caso
  • Japanese: 事件 (じけん, jíken)
  • Korean: 경우 (gyeong-u)
  • Latin: casus
  • Portuguese: caso
  • Russian: случай
  • Slovene: primer
  • Spanish: caso
  • Swedish: fall
instance of grammatical case
  • Arabic: p
  • Belarusian: склон (sklon)
  • Bosnian: padež
  • Bulgarian: падеж
  • Croatian: padež
  • Czech: pád
  • Danish: fald
  • Dutch: naamval, casus
  • Finnish: sijamuoto
  • French: cas
  • German: Kasus
  • Greek: πτώση (ptósi)
  • Hebrew: יחסה (yakhasah)
  • Hungarian: eset
  • Icelandic: fall
  • Italian: caso
  • Japanese: (かく, kakú)
  • Korean: (gyeok)
  • Latin: casus
  • Portuguese: caso
  • Russian: падеж
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: падеж
    Roman: padež
  • Slovak: pád
  • Slovene: sklon
  • Spanish: caso
  • Swedish: kasus
set of grammatical cases or their meanings in a particular language collectively
  • French: cas
  • Icelandic: fall
  • Portuguese: caso

Etymology 2

From Middle English cas < Old North French casse, Old French chasse (box, chest, case) < Latin capsa (box, bookcase), from capere (to take, seize, hold).

Noun

  1. A box that contains or can contain a number of identical items of manufacture.
  2. A piece of luggage that can be used to transport an apparatus such as a sewing machine.
  3. A suitcase.
  4. A piece of furniture, constructed partially of transparent glass or plastic, within which items can be displayed.
  5. The outer covering or framework of a piece of apparatus such as a computer.
  6. In typography, the nature of a piece of alphabetic type, whether a “capital” (upper case) or “small” (lower case) letter.
  7. In the context of "poker slang": four of a kind
Translations
box that contains or can contain a number of identical items of manufacture
  • Arabic: p
  • Bulgarian: сандък
  • Croatian: sanduk
  • Czech: bedna
  • Danish: kasse
  • Dutch: kist
  • Finnish: pakkaus
  • French: écrin
  • German: Kiste, Behälter
  • Greek: κιβώτιο (kivótio)
  • Hungarian: láda
  • Italian: cassetta
  • Japanese: (はこ, hakó)
  • Korean: 상자 (sangja)
  • Norwegian: kiste
  • Polish: skrzynia
  • Portuguese: caixa
  • Romanian: ladă
  • Russian: ящик
  • Serbian: сандук
  • Slovak: debna
  • Spanish: caja
  • Swedish: lår, låda
  • Ukrainian: скриня (skrynja)
piece of luggage that can be used to transport an apparatus
suitcase
  • Finnish: laukku
  • German: Koffer
  • Portuguese: maleta, mala
  • Russian: чемодан
piece of furniture, constructed partially of transparent glass or plastic
outer covering or framework of a piece of apparatus
  • Finnish: kotelo
  • German: Gehäuse
  • Portuguese: caixa
  • Russian: кожух
  • Spanish: caja
typography: the nature of a piece of alphabetic type
References

Adjective

case
  1. In the context of "poker slang": The last remaining card of a particular rank
    He drew the case eight!
References

Verb

  1. To place (an item or items of manufacture) into a box, as in preparation for shipment.
  2. To survey (a building or other location) surreptitiously, as in preparation for a robbery.
    • case the joint
Translations
To place (an item or items of manufacture) into a box
  • Finnish: pakata
  • German: einpacken
To survey (a building or other location) surreptitiously
  • German: ausbaldowern slang, auskundschaften

Anagrams

Italian

Noun

case p

Romanian

Noun

case p

Extensive Definition

Case or CASE may refer to:
Businesses and organisations
People
  • Case (rabbi), Polish rabbi and Talmudist of the end of the sixteenth century
  • Case (singer), an R&B singer signed to the Def Soul label
  • Kase 2, a New York City graffiti writer featured in the motion picture Style Wars
  • Neko Case, an American singer-songwriter known for her solo Country music and as a member of The New Pornographers
  • Paul Foster Case, founder of Builders of the Adytum
  • Steve Case, co-founder of America Online (AOL).
  • Case, the protagonist of the novel Neuromancer by William Gibson
Places

See also

case in German: CASE
case in Spanish: Case (Desambiguación)
case in Japanese: ケース
case in Portuguese: Case

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Bible truth, Smyth sewing, abessive, ablative, absolute fact, accepted fact, accusative, action, actual fact, adessive, admitted fact, afghan, alien, allative, ammunition box, anyhow, anyway, apoplectic, approximative, argument, argumentum, ark, arthritic, article, ascender, aspect, at all events, attache case, axiom, back, backing, bag, bald fact, bandolier, bare fact, bark, barrel, basis, basket, bastard type, beard, bearings, bed linen, bedclothes, bedcover, bedding, bedsheet, bedspread, belly, bevel, bibliopegy, billfold, bin, binder board, binding, black letter, blanket, body, book cloth, book cover, book jacket, bookbinding, bookcase, boot, bottle, box, box up, bran, briefcase, brutal fact, buffalo robe, bug, bunker, burden, cadre, caisson, calf love, can, canister, canvass, cap, capital, capsula, capsule, cardcase, carton, case in point, casemaking, casement, casing, casing-in, cask, casket, cause, cause in court, cedar chest, chaff, chapter, character, chassis, check over, check up, chest, cigarette case, circumstance, cist, citation, clothes, coffer, coffin, cold fact, collating, collating mark, come what may, comfort, comforter, common case, compact, con, conceded fact, concern, condition, cone, cons, consideration, consumptive, container, containerize, contour sheet, corn shuck, cornhusk, count, counter, counterpane, cover, covering, coverlet, coverlid, crackpot, crank, crate, crib, cross reference, crush, dative, datum, delative, demonstrable fact, demonstration, descender, detail, dinkum oil, dispatch box, dispute, doorframe, duck, dust cover, dust jacket, dyspeptic, eccentric, eiderdown, elative, element, elenchus, em, emblem, embox, embrace, empirical fact, en, encapsulate, encase, encasement, encyst, enfold, enshroud, envelop, envelope, enwrap, epileptic, episode, essence, essive, established fact, estate, etui, event, eventuality, examine, example, exemplar, exemplification, explanation, exponent, fabric, face, facet, fact, fact of experience, factor, fanatic, fat-faced type, feet, file, file folder, filing box, fitted sheet, fix, focus of attention, focus of interest, folding, folio, font, footband, footing, for fear of, for fear that, frame, framework, framing, gathering, genitive, gist, given fact, gluing-off, gospel, gospel truth, groove, hamper, happening, hard binding, hard fact, head, headband, heading, hermit, hobo, holder, holster, hope chest, housewife, how it is, how things are, hull, husk, hussy, hutch, if, ignoratio elenchi, illative, illustration, in any case, in any event, in case, incident, incidental, incurable, indisputable fact, inescapable fact, inessive, infatuation, inpatient, inspect, instance, instrumental, invalid, invest, issue, italic, item, jacket, jam, jar, judicial process, kit, kook, lap, lap robe, lative, lattice, latticework, lawsuit, legal action, legal case, legal proceedings, legal process, legal remedy, lest, letter, letter file, library binding, ligature, like it is, linen, lining, lining-up, litigation, living issue, local case, location, locative, logotype, lone wolf, loner, lot, lower case, main point, majuscule, make a reconnaissance, mash, matter, matter in hand, matter of fact, maverick, meat, mechanical binding, meshuggenah, minor detail, minuscule, minutia, minutiae, modality, mode, monstrance, motif, motive, naked fact, natural, nick, niggerhead, nominative, nonconformist, not guesswork, not opinion, nut, object lesson, objective case, oblique case, occasion, occurrence, odd fellow, oddball, oddity, order, original, ostensorium, outpatient, outsider, pack, package, packet, packing case, palea, parcel, pariah, particular, pash, pass, passing fancy, patchwork quilt, patient, peel, peep, perfect binding, perlative, pi, pica, pickle, picture frame, pillbox, pillow slip, pillowcase, place, plaidoyer, plain, plastic binding, play the spy, plea, pleading, plight, pod, point, point at issue, point in question, portfolio, position, positive fact, possessive case, postulate, posture, pot, powder box, predicament, prepositional, print, problem, proceedings, pros, pros and cons, prosecution, protection, provable fact, puppy love, put under surveillance, queer duck, queer fish, queer specimen, question, quilt, quiver, quiz, quotation, rack, rank, rara avis, reason, receptacle, reconnoiter, reference, refutation, regard, relevant instance, reliquary, repair, representative, respect, revealed truth, rheumatic, rind, robe, roman, rounding, rubric, rug, sack, saddle stitching, salient fact, sample, sampling, sans serif, sarcophagus, sash, scabbard, scout, scout out, screwball, script, self-evident fact, sewing, shank, shape, sheath, sheathe, sheathing, sheet, sheeting, shell, shoulder, shroud, shuck, shut-in, sick person, side sewing, signature, significant fact, simple fact, situation, skeleton, skin, skippet, slip, slipcase, slipcover, slough, small cap, small capital, smashing, smother, snuffbox, sober fact, socket, soft binding, solitary, spastic, special pleading, specimen, spectacle case, spiral binding, spook, spot, spread, spy, spy out, stake out, stamp, stamping, standing, stapling, state, station, status, stem, stubborn fact, study, subject, subject case, subject matter, subject of thought, sublative, sufferer, suit, suit at law, suitcase, superessive, surround, swaddle, swathe, symbol, tailband, talking point, tank, tea chest, terminal case, terminative, text, the absolute truth, the case, the exact truth, the hard truth, the honest truth, the intrinsic truth, the naked truth, the nitty-gritty, the plain truth, the sick, the simple truth, the sober truth, the stern truth, the truth, the unalloyed truth, the unqualified truth, the unvarnished truth, theme, thing, till, tin, tinderbox, tipping, topic, tramp, translative, trimming, trunk, type, type body, type class, type lice, typecase, typeface, typefounders, typefoundry, typical example, undeniable fact, upper case, valetudinarian, vanity case, vasculum, vet, victim, view, vocative, wallet, watch, well-known fact, window case, window frame, wire stitching, wrap, wrap about, wrap up, wrapper, zealot, zombie
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